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How many years do you have to work in Canada to get a pension?

In Canada, eligibility for different types of pensions depends on the specific program. Here’s an overview of the key pension programs and their requirements:

1. Canada Pension Plan (CPP)

  • Eligibility: To qualify for CPP, you must have made at least one valid contribution to the plan.
  • Contributions: You contribute to CPP through deductions from your earnings. The amount of your pension depends on your contributions and the number of years you contributed.
  • Retirement Pension: You can start receiving CPP as early as age 60, but the standard age is 65. The amount you receive is based on how much and for how long you have contributed.

2. Old Age Security (OAS)

  • Eligibility: To be eligible for the OAS pension, you must be 65 years of age or older and meet the legal status and residence requirements.
  • Residence Requirement: You need to have lived in Canada for at least 10 years after turning 18 to receive OAS within Canada. To receive OAS outside of Canada, you need to have lived in Canada for at least 20 years after turning 18.
  • Full Pension: To receive the full OAS pension, you need to have lived in Canada for at least 40 years after turning 18.

3. Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS)

  • Eligibility: This is an additional benefit for low-income OAS recipients. Eligibility depends on your income and marital status.
  • Residence Requirement: Similar to OAS, you generally need to meet the same residency requirements.

4. Provincial Pension Plans

Some provinces offer additional pension plans for public sector employees, which have their own specific contribution and eligibility requirements.


  • CPP: You need to have made at least one valid contribution, with benefits increasing based on the number and amount of contributions.
  • OAS: You need to have lived in Canada for at least 10 years after turning 18 (20 years if you reside outside Canada).
  • GIS: Additional benefit for low-income OAS recipients, dependent on income and residency requirements.

In summary, while the CPP requires contributions regardless of the number of years worked, OAS has a clear residency requirement of 10 years in Canada after turning 18, or 20 years if living abroad. For a full OAS pension, 40 years of residency after age 18 is needed.

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What is the easiest loan to get immediately?

The easiest loan to get immediately in Canada generally depends on your credit score and financial situation. However, here are some of the most accessible options:

1. Payday Loans

  • Availability: Almost anyone with a regular income can qualify.
  • Speed: Usually immediate or within a few hours.
  • Drawbacks: Very high interest rates and fees; typically must be repaid by your next payday.

2. Cash Advances on Credit Cards

  • Availability: If you have a credit card, you can usually get a cash advance.
  • Speed: Immediate at an ATM or bank branch.
  • Drawbacks: High interest rates and additional fees; starts accruing interest immediately.

3. Online Lenders

  • Availability: Many online lenders have lenient credit requirements and quick application processes.
  • Speed: Often within 24 hours.
  • Drawbacks: Interest rates can vary widely; ensure you choose a reputable lender.

4. Personal Loans from Banks or Credit Unions

  • Availability: Easier if you have an existing relationship with the bank or credit union.
  • Speed: Can be quick, especially if you have good credit and a pre-existing relationship with the institution.
  • Drawbacks: May require a credit check and documentation; approval is not guaranteed if you have poor credit.

5. P2P Lending Platforms

  • Availability: Easier approval process compared to traditional banks.
  • Speed: Often within a few days.
  • Drawbacks: Rates can be higher than traditional banks but usually lower than payday loans.

6. Pawn Shops

  • Availability: Immediate if you have a valuable item to pawn.
  • Speed: Immediate cash in exchange for collateral.
  • Drawbacks: Risk of losing your pawned item if you can’t repay the loan.

Factors to Consider

  • Credit Score: Lower credit scores limit your options but do not eliminate them.
  • Interest Rates: Be mindful of the APR and total repayment amount.
  • Repayment Terms: Ensure you understand and can meet the repayment terms to avoid additional fees and damage to your credit score.


  • Emergency: If you need cash immediately, payday loans and credit card cash advances are the fastest but should be used as a last resort due to high costs.
  • Short-term Needs: Online lenders and pawn shops can provide quick access to funds with varying terms and conditions.
  • Longer-term Planning: If you have a few days, consider personal loans from banks, credit unions, or P2P platforms for potentially better rates and terms.

Before taking any loan, carefully consider the terms, interest rates, and your ability to repay to avoid exacerbating your financial situation.

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What is the best retirement plan in the United States?

The “best” retirement plan in the United States can vary depending on individual circumstances, financial goals, and employment situation. Here are some of the most popular retirement plans, each with its own advantages:

1. 401(k) Plans

  • Employer-Sponsored: Offered by many employers, allowing employees to save and invest a portion of their paycheck before taxes are taken out.
  • Tax Benefits: Contributions are made pre-tax, reducing taxable income. Earnings grow tax-deferred until withdrawal.
  • Employer Match: Many employers match contributions up to a certain percentage, which is essentially free money.
  • Contribution Limits: For 2024, the limit is $22,500, with an additional catch-up contribution of $7,500 for those aged 50 and over.

2. Roth 401(k)

  • After-Tax Contributions: Contributions are made with after-tax dollars, so withdrawals are tax-free in retirement.
  • Employer Match: Similar to traditional 401(k) plans, many employers offer matching contributions.
  • Tax-Free Growth: Since contributions are made after tax, both the contributions and the earnings can be withdrawn tax-free in retirement.

3. Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs)

  • Traditional IRA: Contributions may be tax-deductible, and earnings grow tax-deferred until withdrawal. The contribution limit for 2024 is $6,500, with an additional $1,000 catch-up for those 50 and older.
  • Roth IRA: Contributions are made with after-tax dollars, but withdrawals are tax-free. The contribution limit is the same as for Traditional IRAs, but eligibility is subject to income limits.
  • Flexibility: IRAs offer a wider range of investment options compared to employer-sponsored plans.

4. SEP IRA (Simplified Employee Pension)

  • For Small Business Owners and Self-Employed: Allows for contributions to be made to an IRA set up for each employee.
  • High Contribution Limits: For 2024, the contribution limit is the lesser of 25% of the employee’s compensation or $66,000.
  • Tax Benefits: Contributions are tax-deductible, and earnings grow tax-deferred.

5. SIMPLE IRA (Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees)

  • For Small Businesses: Easier and less costly to administer than a 401(k).
  • Employer Contributions: Employers are required to either match employee contributions up to 3% of compensation or make a 2% non-elective contribution for each eligible employee.
  • Contribution Limits: For 2024, employees can contribute up to $15,500, with an additional $3,500 catch-up contribution for those aged 50 and over.

6. 403(b) Plans

  • For Non-Profit Employees: Similar to 401(k) plans but designed for employees of public schools and certain tax-exempt organizations.
  • Tax Benefits: Contributions are pre-tax, reducing taxable income, and earnings grow tax-deferred.
  • Contribution Limits: Similar to 401(k) plans, with the same contribution limits.

Choosing the Best Plan

  • Employer Match: If your employer offers a matching contribution, contributing enough to get the full match is often a priority as it’s essentially free money.
  • Tax Considerations: Consider whether you prefer tax-deferred growth now (traditional plans) or tax-free withdrawals in retirement (Roth plans).
  • Investment Options: Some plans offer more diverse investment options than others.
  • Contribution Limits: Higher limits allow for more significant retirement savings.
  • Flexibility: IRAs provide more investment flexibility compared to employer-sponsored plans.

Ultimately, the best retirement plan is one that aligns with your financial goals, offers the most benefits for your situation, and provides a structure that you can consistently contribute to. Consulting with a financial advisor can also help tailor a retirement strategy to your specific needs.